David Bohm was a great thinker, not only a quantum physicist, but a great philosopher who also wrote about creativity, dialogue and consciousness. I include this video as I have been greatly influenced by Bohm, and his ability to think creatively about paradoxes, and how to overcome them.
I also try and teach people about the history of science. Goethe said that “the history of science is science itself.” Bohm in this video makes a very similar observation, in that science is not actually the acquisition of knowledge, but it is the development of new ways of looking at things. This way of looking can be seen as enfolded within the world view of the times in which the science was carried out, and can not be separated from the prevailing world views, or notions of order.
Bohm also succinctly defines a view of integral thinking, where each individual view of reality is like a mirror, which is in itself limited. But the more views we can integrate, the deeper our knowledge of the world will be.
The more views we can get, the deeper our understanding of the reality there is. The essence, or what I call the true being, we can never get hold of. Every view is limited, it’s like a mirror looking this way, or that way.
Theories do not give final true knowledge, they give a way of looking at something. The very word “theoria” in Greek means “theatre” so it is the theatre of the mind which gives insight into the thing.
Science is primarily a perceptual enterprise, and not in gaining knowledge, though knowledge appears. Knowledge is a by-product. By understanding something, you can have contact with it, so long as it is coherent. It shows that our perception is correct. So we must distinguish between correct appearances and incorrect or illusory appearances.
Our thinking process should be called an extension of our perceptual process when done rightly, and not primarily the accumulation of knowledge.